We are a practice of architects, researchers and strategists who work in public to create spatial, environmental and social change.

We design in both physical and digital worlds, and are engaged in the culture of built and unbuilt environments.

Our civic interventions in Barkingside were awarded a Special Mention in the 2016 European Prize for Urban Public Space and our work has been exhibited at the 13th International Architecture Exhibition of the Venice Biennale, the Shenzhen & Hong-Kong Biennale, the Berlage Institute (Rotterdam), Barbican Art Gallery (London). We have recently completed an extension to Wroughton Academy, a school in Norfolk. We are interested in and advocate for publicness, it is a preoccupation that weaves in and out of our projects.

We have built a reputation for producing critical and provocative research that questions the limits of architectural production and explores new forms of agency and communication. Notably, the book SUB-PLAN: A Guide to Permitted Development (2009) and Building Rights (2010-), an online platform to democratise and evolve the current statutory planning system.

DK-CM is based in East London.

Unit 12
5 Durham Yard
Teesdale Street
London E2 6QF
United Kingdom

+44 (0) 20 7729 4140

General & press enquiries studio@dk-cm.com

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DK-CM currently have no vacancies but are always interested in receiving good CVs. Please send to studio@dk-cm.com. Please note that we can't always respond to unsolicited applications.

You will soon see our dog Morris appearing throughout this site. Please follow him to go behind-the-scenes on our projects and understand more about our process and inspirations.


Cristina Monteiro
BSc (Hons) DipArch MA RIBA ARB

Cristina is an Architect, researcher and a founding co-director of DK-CM. She has over 15 years experience working with the public sector to deliver public value in challenging contexts, from brief writing and strategic planning to detailed design and delivery and is concerned with understanding that what one creates is part of many ongoing narratives and the complex history and ecology of a place. She studied architecture at the London Metropolitan University, where she won the School Prize for Social Entrepreneurship in 2008, and at the Architectural Association, where she gained her Part III in 2011. Cristina taught both postgraduate and undergraduate at Kingston University and Central Saint Martins and has been a guest critic and visiting tutor at the Architectural Association, the University of Cambridge and Syracuse University.

Dr David Knight
BSc(Hons) PhD

David is a designer, strategist and author, and a founding co-director of DK-CM. He has worked on ambitious strategic, urban design, placemaking and policy projects since 2004. In 2018 David completed a PhD at the Royal College of Art School of Architecture title 'Making Planning Popular' concerned with the politics of planning knowledge. Prior to joining DK-CM David worked for General Public Agency and on various research projects including the book ‘SUB-PLAN: A Guide to Permitted Development’ (2009). David has been a tutor of ADS2 at the Royal College of Art since 2012 and teaches, lectures and writes internationally. He is a trustee of The Architecture Foundation and an external examiner at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm.

Edward Powe
BA (Hons) MA

Edward is a Part II Architectural Assistant and joined DK-CM in 2019 after completing his masters in architecture at the Royal College of Art. He received the RIBA West London Student Award in recognition for his project questioning contemporary approaches to building conservation. Prior to joining DK-CM Edward worked at Farrells on the Royal Albert Dock development in East London, as well as on the masterplan for the Manchester Northern Gateway Strategic Regeneration Framework, one of the largest regeneration schemes in the UK.

Elise Limon
BA (Hons) Cantab

Elise is a writer, researcher and Part I Architectural Assistant and joined DK-CM in 2020. She studied architecture at the University of Cambridge where she was awarded the Sharpe Drawing Prize. Prior to working at DK-CM, Elise worked on the design of a school in North London and a series of buildings in the Lake District, as well as with UN-Habitat on the 2019 Climate Summit and on research projects surrounding cities, public space and landscape. She also currently works part-time for The Architectural Review on the editorial team.

Emma Twine
BA (Hons) MPhil Cantab PGCert ARB

Emma is an Architect and researcher and joined DK-CM in 2017. She completed her undergraduate in Architecture and Spatial Design at Central St Martins, and undertook masters and Part III at the University of Cambridge. She has served as a tutor and visiting critic at both universities. Her MPhil thesis explored the writing of policy to support delivering diverse and multi-generational communities, enabling the sustainable expansion of a growing south Essex town. She has delivery experience across a wide range of projects, including heritage and education context. Most recently, she has been project lead on the refurbishment of Bruce Grove Public Conveniences as a commercial and social value premises and the construction phase of a new building at Wroughton Academies.

Hannah Sheerin
BA (Hons) Cantab

Hannah is a spatial engagement designer and Part I Architectural Assistant and joined DK-CM in 2018 after graduating with a first class degree from Cambridge University. Her thesis project was nominated for the RIBA bronze medal and she was awarded the RIBA East graduate prize. Since being at the practice Hannah has been involved in delivering strategies and studies as part of the practice’s commitment to developing strong community relationships wherever we work. She is currently also working with Grizedale Arts on the The Black Shed Project.

James Hills
BA (Hons) Dip. Arch (Dist) ARB

James is an Architect with three years post Part III professional experience and joined DK-CM in 2019. He studied architecture at London Metropolitan’s School of Art, Architecture and Design under Peter St John and Rod Heyes, where he developed a passion for architecture from the past as a source of invention. Prior to joining DK-CM James worked at Adam Khan Architects, working across a range of ambitious projects, award winning urban housing schemes and competitions, notably Tower Court; a mixed-use scheme for Hackney Council. James has served as a Mentor for the Stephen Lawrence Charitable Trust and has been a guest critic at a number of architectural schools.

Tom Bacon
BA (Hons) Cantab

Tom is a Part I Architectural Assistant and joined DK-CM in 2019. He studied architecture at the University of Cambridge and is currently undertaking his masters at the London Metropolitan University where his project is exploring the potential synergies between residential masterplanning and forest management. Prior to DK-CM, Tom worked with Ash Sakula architects. Tom has participated in a range of projects at DK-CM, ranging from studies and research through to detail design, as well as facilitating engagement workshops.

Past Team Members

Catarina de Almeida Brito
Tom Atkinson
Rob Berry
Max Descheemaecker
Teófilo Furtado
Eleanor Hedley
Gilbert Leung
Abigail McGrahan
Bushra Mohamed
Ishbel Mull
Ana Schefer
Kristin Trommler
Lina Viluma
Matt Volsen
Emily Wickham

Selected Clients

Create London
The Creative Education Trust
Greater London Authority
Harrow Council
London Borough of Barking & Dagenham
London Borough of Bexley
London Borough of Ealing
London Borough of Havering
London Borough of Hillingdon
London Borough of Redbridge
London Legacy Development Corporation
Long Live South Bank


Publications about DK–CM


‘Folk in a Box’ by Fatema Ahmed, Icon Issue 108, 06.2012

‘Privataudienz’ by Dagmar Ruhnau, Deutsche Bauzeitung, 05.2012

‘Folk in a Box gives a whole new meaning to portable music’ by James Pallister, The Architects’ Journal, 15.03.2012

‘One-on-one music venue unveiled by architect’ by Andrea Klettner, www.bdonline.co.uk, 15.02.2012


‘The Nation of Shopkeepers’ by James Pallister, Creative Review, 12.2011


‘The regulation of designs: applying current UK legislation to Le Corbusier’ by Patrick Devlin, Architectural Research Quarterly 12/3-4, 12.2008

Publications by DK–CM


‘Pioneering Suburbia’, David Knight and Cristina Monteiro, in Between edges and hedges, Harrow Council Design Unit, 2018.

‘Church of Santo António da Polana, Maputo’ (Building of the Month), David Knight, in The Twentieth Century Society, May 2018.


Dachaland’, DK-CM, in The Architectural Review, October 2017.


‘Extraits de SUB-PLAN: A Guide to Permitted Development’, David Knight and Finn Williams in Criticat revue semestrielle de critique d’architecture, #17, 2016.


‘Open Season’, Cristina Monteiro, in Architecture Today, Nov/Dec 2014.

‘The May Fair’, in The Architects’ Journal, 15.11.2014. Accompanied by an introductory essay by Owen Hopkins on the Royal Academy’s ‘Reimagining Mayfair’ project.

‘Icon of the Month: The Metropolitan Green Belt’, Charles Holland, David Knight and Finn Williams, in Icon #135, September 2014.

‘Review of the London Metropolitan Summer Show’, David Knight, in The Architects’ Journal, 25.07.2014.

‘The Lansbury Estate’, contribution to ‘Exploring a century of ideas about housing with the AA Night School’, by Sam Jacob, in The Architects’ Journal, 12.07.2014.

‘On Barkingside’ in PEAR Issue 6: Landscape/Ecology, 2014.


‘Making Planning Popular’ in The Edge of Our Thinking, Royal College of Art, 2012.

‘Insight: SUB-PLAN’. Architectural Research Quarterly Vol. 16 No. 3, 2012.

King’s Cross Urban Actions Field Guide, Architecture Foundation, 2012.

‘What planning can learn from aspirin’ in Future Frontiers: Architecture Annual 2012. Royal College of Art.

‘The Unlimited Edition’ Issue 2: Speculation. Guest editor of ultra-local newspaper produced by We Made That for the High Street 2012 Initiative.


SUB-PLAN: A Guide to Permitted Development, 2009.

‘The Rule of Regulations’ in Hunch 12 : Bureaucracy, 03.2009.


Three Reviews, Building Design Magazine, 11.2008.

Houses in Transformation: Interventions in European Gentrification. eds. Berg, Kaminer, Schoonderbeek, Zonneveld. NAi Publishers, 2008.


‘Slides in the Public Realm: A feasibility study for London’ (General Public Agency) in Carsten Höller: Test Site, Tate Publishing, 2006.


‘Seeing God in the Sky’ in Scroope 16: Cambridge Architecture Journal, 06.2004.

Talks and Lectures


Working in Public, Brighton School of Architecture and Design, 05.11.2019.

New Publics, Roundtable discussion with Luca Montuori (Rome City Council), Alison Crawshaw and Finn Williams (Public Practice). British School at Rome, Rome, 13.02.2019.


Planning School, The London Society, 01.09.2018. With Darryl Chen (Hawkins Brown) and Guy Rochez (Croydon Council).

Postmodern Legacies: David Knight and Job Floris, Sir John Soane’s Museum, 21.07.2018.

Negroni Talks #1: The restaurant at the end of society, Ombra, 04.06.2018. Cristina Monteiro with Carolina Caicedo (The Decorators), Roger Zogolovitch (SolidSpace) and Rosie Haslem (Spacelab).


In Conversation with Assemble, Susannah Haslam, and John Bingham-Hall, Tate Modern, 29.09.2017.

‘Experiments in Living: A Manifesto for Harrow’ at the launch of Better Design Harrow, hosted by the Royal College of Art and The Architecture Foundation, 10.07.2017.

‘Twins: Marginal Activity’ at Dalston Boys Club, London, 02.03.2017. David Knight compèred a night programmed by Charles Holland and Robert Mull of the University of Brighton, and featuring talks and discussion from Jes Fernie, Daisy Froud, David Kohn and George Saumarez-Smith.


‘Working in Public’ at Winkley Street Open Studios, London Festival of Architecture, 16.06.2016

‘A Manifesto for London: Ten Ideas for the New Mayor’ at Barbican Centre/Architecture Foundation, 19.04.2016, with Oliver Wainwright (The Guardian), Mark Brearley (Cass Cities), Bob and Roberta Smith, Kate McTiernan (Shuffle), Crispin Kelly (Baylight Properties), Claire Bennie, Carolyn Steel, Anna Minton & Alex Ely (Mae), and chaired by Ellis Woodman.

‘Building Rights’ at Critical Urban Ecology 2016, University of Brighton, 22.02.2016


‘Learning from Colin Ward’ at The Garden Museum/Architecture Foundation, 08.10.2015, with Daisy Froud, Eric Guibert and Ken Worpole, chaired by Ellis Woodman.

‘Politics and Places’ Camberwell College of Arts, 12.05.2015

‘On trying to be a political designer’ Chelsea College of Arts, 02.03.2015

‘Recent Work’ Cambridge University, 16.02.2015

‘Urban Design Proposals (Proposals for Urban Design)’ Kingston University, 4.02.2015


‘Building Rights’ Nottingham University, 4.12.2014

‘DK-CM Recent Work’ Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, 12.11.2014

‘Building Rights’ Frome Architecture Club, Frome, 04.11.2014

‘Building Rights’ The Cass School of Architecture, London Metropolitan University, London, 15.10.2014

‘Building Rights’ Make Lewes Festival 2014, Lewes, 21.09.2014

‘Every Town Needs a Crown: Frederick Gibberd & Barkingside’ Fullwell Cross Library, 20.09.2014 (Part of London Open House 2014)

Invited speaker at ‘Contemporary Approaches to Late Modernism’ ‘The Fittja Pavilion’, 14th Architecture Exhibition of the Venice Biennale, Venice, 06.06.2014

‘DK-CM Recent Work’ Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, 29.04.2014

‘Stories about Places and Buildings’ Camberwell College of Arts, 22.04.2014

‘Planning is Frozen Politics’ Architectural Association, 21.02.2014


‘DK-CM Recent Work’ Central Saint Martins, London, 24.10.2013

‘DK-CM Recent Work’ Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, 23.09.2013

‘Fittja Centra: DK-CM in conversation with Tor Lindstrand’ Fittja Open, Botkyrka Konsthall, Sweden, 21.09.2013

‘Culture + Commerce: Appropriate Measures – Can Established Planning and Preservation Measures be Adapted to Protect More Radical Forms of Culture?’ The Architecture Foundation, London, 11.09.2013. With Catherine Croft (The 20th Century Society), Simon Ricketts (SJ Berwin) and Henry Edwards-Wood (Long Live Southbank).

‘Making Planning Popular’ TEDxHackney, London, 29.06.2013

‘Grand Designs’ part of the Future Thinking series. Lecture and workshop in collaboration with Rebecca Bell, The School of Life, London, 24.04.2013.

‘Beyond Localism: Making Planning Popular’ Stour Space, Hackney Wick, 19.04.2013

‘Peripheral Work’ University of the Creative Arts, Canterbury, 21.02.2013

‘Recent Work’ Architecture Faculty, University of Porto (FAUP), 15.02.2013

‘Recent Work’ Cambridge University, 05.02.2013


‘Making Planning Popular’ University of Westminster, 28.09.2012

‘Making Planning Popular presents ‘Il Tetto’ First public lecture introducing David’s PhD research at the Royal College of Art. Followed by screening of ‘Il Tetto’ by Vittorio de Sica. Sugarhouse Studios, 26.08.2012.

‘Great Estates’ Talk and Panel Discussion to accompany a screening of Utopia London. Sugarhouse Studios, 12.07.2012.

‘How London Works’ Talk and walking tour for Unit 1 at the Architectural Association Summer School. 05.07.2012.

‘The Radical Precedent’ Studio Culture Conference 2012, London Metropolitan University. 29.06.2012. With Adam Khan.

‘Altab Ali Park’ Invited speaker at the ‘Live Projects’ Symposium 2012, Oxford Brookes University. Cristina presented muf architecture/art’s work in Whitechapel. 25.05.2012

‘Making Planning Popular’ Evening lecture at Kingston University School of Architecture and Landscape. 30.02.2012

‘Making Planning Popular: Recent Work 2009-2012’ Guest lecture at Newcastle University School of Architecture Planning and Landscape. 15.02.2012


Toward a History of Popular Planning’ Paper delivered at The Edge of Our Thinking: RCA International Conference on Research in Art and Design. 19.11.2011

‘Good Laws Rightly Applied: A History of Deciding the Future’ Mini-lecture as part of Ruth Beale‘s residency at the Department of Overlooked Histories, Wysing Arts Centre, Cambridgeshire. 12.11.2011

‘Metropolitan Improvements: Producing the Regency City’ Guest lecture at Kingston University School of Art and Design History, London. 24.10.2011

Invited guest at ‘Denise Scott Brown: New Questions’ at The Architecture Foundation, London. 26.09.2011

Touring Talk of Pablo Bronstein: Sketches for Regency London at the Institute of Contemporary Arts, London. 21.07.2011

‘Landscapes of Legislation’ Landscape Institute, London. 02.07.2011

‘The Beer Acts: How a legislative bastard became a public institution’ ‘Pub Talk’, hosted by LMU ASD MA&DE and de magazine, London. 31.03.2011. With Nicola Read, David Kohn, House of Jonn, James Gilpin and Nicholas Henninger of EXYZT.

Participation in Museum Futures: Exploring Partnerships and Public Engagement at the London College of Communication, London. 29.03.2011

Participation in the commission Public Monument by Sean Dockray, at Shadowboxing, Royal College of Art, London. 18.03-03.04.2011. A conversation, mothballed until broadcast in 2021, between David and Zig of London Boaters and covering housing as a verb, unreal estate, the mutualisation of the waterways and easements. Props: 1 Lilliput Lane cottage, 1 cheese sandwich, 1 broken chair.

‘SUB-PLAN: Working with Permitted Development’ ‘Further Reading Required’, Bartlett School of Architecture, University College London. 17.02.2011. With Finn Williams.

‘Permission to Build’ New London Architecture: Don’t Move, Improve!, London. 12.02.2011. Guest speaker with Naomi Cleaver and George Stowell.

‘Building Practices’ Thinking Building Lecture Series, Kingston University School of Architecture and Landscape. 01.02.2011


‘On Porto’ at London Metropolitan University Unit 2: Patrick Lynch, Alun Jones, Paulo Moreira, 14.10.2010

‘Building without Bureaucracy’ with Finn Williams and chaired by Michael Tsoukaris, London Borough of Southwark. A talk at the Architecture Foundation inaugurating the ‘Skyroom’ designed by David Kohn Architects, 21.09.2010

‘Street Policy: Could explorative urban behaviour shape spatial planning?’ Royal Geographical Society Annual International Conference 2010, Urban Subversions Session, London. 03.09.2010

‘Knowing the Rules’ a lecture on ‘SUB-PLAN’ and ‘The Rule of Regulations’, and a general plea for architects to engage with regulatory structures. Guest lecture, UEL Diploma Professional Practice 08.03.2010, CPD Seminar at Edward Cullinan Architects 07.04.2010, UEL Degree Professional Practice 08.11.2010, UEL MA Sustainability and Design 24.11.2010)


‘The Subversive Survey’ Paper delivered at ‘Field/work’: 6th AHRA International Conference, Edinburgh. 20-21.11.2009

‘The Birth of Autonomous London’ This is Not a Gateway Festival, London. 10.2009

‘Free Space: The Green Grid as Found’ First lecture in the Green Grid Lecture Series, running all year at Kingston University School of Architecture and Landscape. 10.2009

‘Recent History’ Guest lecture, City University, London. 2009 and 2010

Guest at ‘From the Invisible to the Exotic: Public Perception of the Roma Gypsy’, hosted by The Ratiu Foundation / The Romanian Cultural Centre during GRTHM 2009, for Project 35 and with Catalin Berescu and Alex Valentino

‘Tales of the London Traveller’ with Sue Konu and Project 35, at London College of Fashion International Seminar ‘Roma Gypsy Survival Strategies’ 2009

‘On the Rule of Regulations’ Guest lecture at CF Møller Architects, 2009


‘On the Rule of Regulations’ University of East London, 2008

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